Principles of TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) by O. Kothbauer

AP (acupuncture) is a diagnostic or therapeutic method, used in functional reversible diseases or dysfunctions, whereby needles of gold or silver are inserted into exactly fixed points of the skin which may be painful spontaneously or on pressure.
Principles of TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine)
“three theories dominate the philosophy of TCM from antiquity: the theories of QI, YIN YANG, and 5- PHASES. These theories were the basis of Chinese thought on the philosophy of war, art, politics and every other facet of Chinese culture. They are of great importance for use in and understanding of AP and TCM “ (Thoresen 1993).
QI THEORY: in Chinese, “QI” (Ch’I, pronounced “chee”), means energy. We live and die in a Universal Sea of QI: In TCM, all creation, from Macrocosm to Microcosm, is a manifestation of QI. All changes (creation, growth, decay, destruction etc) in the universe implies the addition, subtraction or transformation of QI. Nothing happens without the interplay of QI. Every cell, organism, tree, rock, atom, photon, quark, Blach Hole, thought, emotion, paint and painting, ink, note, falling leaf has QI in some form or other.
The nature and expression of QI changes endlessly. I has many types and forms. It manifests in YIN and YANG (- and + polarity). It manifests in 5 PHASES or ELEMENTS: FIRE type, EARTH type, METAL type, WATER type and WOOD type. Each ELEMENT or PHASE has a series of typical Correspondences in Nature and in the body. One type transforms into another and back again in an endless cycle. YIN turns to YANG and FIRE type transforms into WOOD type, via the other PHASES.
In all living things, vitality and health are sustained by Vital QI and XUE (Blood). QI –XUE circulates throughout the body in the JING-LUO ( the Meridians of AP) to reach and nourish every cell.
(from Veterinary Acupuncture, O. Kothbauer, Zweimühlen Verlag, 1999, München, Germany)